Surgery includes many specialties such as plastic and cosmetic, orthopedic, weight loss, neurosurgery, cardiothoracic, cancer, podiatry, ear, nose and throat, urology, vision, obstetrics and gynecology and gastroenterology. General surgery, despite its name, deals with internal organs of the abdominal cavity.
Surgeons are in short supply, and one of the reasons is the long residency required. Legislation is pending to create more surgery residencies in the near future.
Surgical specialties listed here are: